Candle Fire Safety

Candles in the home are now getting a more and more popular way to add relaxation to our homes, which has seen a large increase in the number of candle related incidents.

In the year 2003 alone, there were 1791 house fires due to candles. As a result, 22 people died and over 650 were injured.

As the sales of candles has gone up by 50% in recent years, this trend is unfortunately going to continue unless people are educated as to the dangers of candles and the damage they can cause.

Candles mark special occasions and create a special atmosphere. They also bring fire into your home. So treat them carefully.

The Do’s and Dont’s

  • Always put candles on a heat resistant surface. Be especially careful with night lights and tea lights, which get hot enough to melt plastic. TVs are not fire-resistant objects
  • Put them in a proper holder. Candles need to be held firmly upright by the holder so they won’t fall over. The holder needs to be stable too, so it won’t fall over either
  • Position them away from curtains. Don’t put candles near curtains or other fabrics – or furniture. And keep them out of draughts
  • Don’t put them under shelves. It’s easy to forget that there’s a lot of heat above a burning candle. If you put it under a shelf or other surface then it can burn the surface. Make sure there’s at least three feet (one metre) between a candle and any surface above it
  • Keep clothes and hair away. If there’s any chance you could lean across a candle and forget it’s there, put it somewhere else. You don’t want to set fire to your clothes or your hair
  • Keep children and pets away. Candles should be out of reach of children and pets
  • Keep candles apart. Leave at least four inches (10cm) between two burning candles
  • Take care with votive or scented candles. These kinds of candles turn to liquid to release their fragrance, so put them in a glass or metal holder
  • Don’t move them when they’re burning. Extinguish candles before moving them. Also, don’t let anything fall into the hot wax like match sticks
  • Don’t leave them burning. Extinguish candles before you leave a room. Never go to sleep with a candle still burning. And never leave a burning candle or oil burner in a child’s bedroom
  • Use a snuffer or a spoon to put them out. It’s safer than blowing them, which can send sparks and hot wax flying
  • Double check they’re out. Candles that have been put out can go on smouldering and start a fire. Make sure they’re completely out.

Barbecue Fire and General Safety Advice

Outdoor activities are often a great way to spend your leisure time but they have their own set of unique fire risks that should not be underestimated. However, some common sense preparation can ensure you have a safe and enjoyable experience.

Barbecues

A barbecue should be a safe and enjoyable experience but it’s all too easy to be distracted when you have friends and family around you whilst cooking. To avoid injuries or damage to property, follow these simple precautions:

General Safety

  • Make sure your barbecue is in good working order
  • Ensure the barbecue is on a flat site, well away from a shed, trees or shrubs
  • Keep children, garden games and pets well away from the cooking area
  • Never leave the barbecue unattended
  • Keep a bucket of water or sand nearby for emergencies
  • Ensure the barbecue is cool before attempting to move it.

Charcoal Barbecues

  • Use only enough charcoal to cover the base to a depth of about 50mm (2 inches)
  • Only use recognised fire lighters or starter fuel and only on cold coals – use the minimum necessary and never use petrol
  • Never put hot ashes straight into a dustbin or wheelie bin – they could melt the plastic and cause a fire.

Gas Barbecues

  • Make sure the tap is turned off before changing the gas cylinder
  • Change cylinders outdoors if possible or in a well ventilated area
  • If you suspect a leak to the cylinder or pipe work, brush soapy water around the joints and watch for bubbles – tighten to fix but do not overtighten
  • After cooking, turn off the gas cylinder before turning off at the controls to ensure any residual gas in the pipe work is used up.

Caravanning

Caravans are smaller and more confined than a house so the fire risks can be potentially more hazardous. It is essential that you install a smoke alarm to give early warning of a fire and follow these precautions to reduce your risks:

  • On a caravan site, find out what the firefighting arrangements are
  • Never leave children alone in a caravan – they are particularly vulnerable
  • A fully charged water or dry powder fire extinguisher should be located in the caravan near an exit door and a fire blanket should be adjacent to the cooking area
  • Keep a torch handy for emergencies – never use candles
  • Make sure everyone knows how to operate escape windows and doors
  • Keep gas cylinders outside the caravan unless a special ventilated compartment is provided.

Fire Safety in the Countryside

Every year fire is responsible for the destruction of thousands of acres of countryside, open spaces and wildlife habitat. Many of these fires are started deliberately but by following a few simple precautions and showing a little extra care, many others could be prevented:

  • Dispose of smoking materials properly and make sure they are completely extinguished
  • Don’t leave camp fires or barbecues unattended and extinguish them properly after use
  • Clear away bottles, glasses and any broken glass to prevent them magnifying the sun’s rays and starting a fire
  • Explain to children the dangers of playing with lighted fires.

If fire breaks out, call the fire and rescue service immediately on 999 or 112. When specifying your location, mention any landmarks – perhaps a church or pub – and if phoning from a phone box, stay nearby so you can direct the fire appliances to the scene.

Don’t attempt to fight the fire yourself unless it is very small – grass and crop fires can travel very quickly.

Camping

Every year, many people are injured from fire whilst camping. The following fire safety precautions will help ensure you don’t become one of them:

  • Allow at least 6 metres (18 feet) spacing between tents
  • Never use candles in or near a tent – always use a torch
  • Discourage smoking – especially in smaller tents
  • Do not use cooking equipment in smaller tents
  • Ensure everyone knows the location of the nearest telephone and if applicable nearest fire point in case of emergency.

Cooking

  • Keep cookers away from the tent entrance
  • Make certain the cooker is stable, away from draughts and in an area where they will not get knocked over
  • Keep flammables (including long grass) away from the cooking area
  • Avoid using liquid fuel appliances if at all possible
  • Only change disposable gas cylinders when they are completely empty.

Building an open fire

  • Never build a fire where the soil is of peat
  • Build it well away from any tents – especially in windy weather (at least 10 metres)
  • Clear the area of grass, leaves and brush away to form a circle of earth around the fire
  • A fire stack should be made so that it will collapse inwards when burning
  • Do not leave the fire unattended and watch for flying embers or sparks
  • Make sure you extinguish the fire before going to bed or when you leave.

Article reproduced from the Fire Service website. (No copyright infringement intended)

A kind review for Kelham Fire Protection LTD

Thank you for your kind words Alice.

We have carried out over 3000 inspections of rental properties on behalf of our clients in the last 15 years.

The proforma, and inspection process, we use is based on statistical analysis regarding information from historical fires. Together in consultation with Housing Health & Safety Rating System, LACORS ,and various Landlords groups.

My 30 years operational experience as a fire officer in the Leeds area enables Kelham Fire Protection ltd to highlight any hazards and risk factors in homes that are rented out.

We are able to offer pragmatic and engineered solutions at affordable prices to ensure that your residents are as safe as possible.

As we are an independent organisation, our impartial and expert advice gives assurance to any potential renters, particularly the parents of young students leaving the family home for the first time to live with others.

Further info can be found here regarding Landlords obligations. https://www.gov.uk/private-renting/your-landlords-safety-responsibilities

Kelham Fire Protection ltd are pleased to announce that they have combined forces with Qualis Training http://www.qualistraining.co.uk/

They are a Leeds based company delivering quality first aid courses across Leeds and West Yorkshire. They have a dedicated team of experienced tutors delivering our courses to the highest standard. They aim to provide a comprehensive, professional and affordable learning experience.